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WMD America: Inside the Pentagon’s Global Bioweapons Industry

Part Two: Home and Away – America’s Network of Bioweapons Factories

The US Army produces and tests bio-agents at a special military facility located at Dugway Proving Ground (West Desert Test Center, Utah), as proven in a 2012 US Army Report. The facility is overseen by the Army Test and Evaluation Command.

The Life Sciences Division (LSD) at Dugway Proving Ground is tasked with the production of bio-agents. According to the Army report, scientists from this division produce and test aerosolized bio-agents at Lothar Saloman Life Sciences Test Facility (LSTF).

Lothar Saloman Life Sciences Test Facility (LSTF) where bio-terrorism agents are produced and aerosolized (Photo Credit: Dugway Proving Ground)
Lothar Saloman Life Sciences Test Facility (LSTF) where bio-terrorism agents are produced and aerosolized (Photo Credit: Dugway Proving Ground)

Biological Agents produced by the US Army at Dugway Proving Ground, Utah, USA (Source: Capabilities Report 2012, West Desert Test Center)

The Life Sciences Division consists of an Aerosol Technology branch, a Microbiology Branch , and a Aerosol Technology Branch, develops and aerosolizes biological agents and stimulants. The Microbiology branch produces toxins, bacteria, viruses and agent-like organisms which are used in chamber and field testing.

The fermentation laboratories at the Life Sciences Test Facility grow bacteria in fermentors ranging from a small 2 L to a large 1500 L system. The fermentors are tailored specifically to the requirements of the microorganism that is being engineered – pH, temperature, light, pressure, and nutrient concentrations that give the microorganism optimal growth rates.

IMAGE: A large 1500 L fermentator.

The facility also does post-production in its laboratory, drying and milling test materials. After the bio-agents are produced, the scientists challenge them at containment aerosol chambers.

Technicians disseminate live biological agents for identification sensitivity tests. Photos Credit: Dugway Proving Ground

Aerosol experiments with Botulinum Neurotoxin and Anthrax

Documents prove that the US Army produces, possesses and tests aerosols of the most lethal toxin in the world – Botulinum Neurotoxin. In 2014 the Department of the Army purchased 100 mg of Botulinum Toxin from Metabiologics for tests at Dugway Proving Ground.

The experiments date back to 2007 when an unspecified quantity of the toxin was procured to the Department of the Army by the same company – Metabiologics. According to the 2012 West Desert Test Center Report, the military facility performs tests with Botulinum Neurotoxin Aerosol, as well as with aerosolized Anthrax, Yersinia pestis, and Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus (VEE).

Source: Capabilities Report 2012, West Desert Test Center

Outdoor field test programs at Dugway Proving Ground

US Army documents and photos show that the Pentagon has developed various dissemination methods for bio-terrorism attacks including by explosives.

Source: Capabilities Report 2012, West Desert Test Center

 

Dissemination of contaminants for biological/chemical tests.
Dissemination of contaminants for biological/chemical tests.
Dissemination of stimulants by explosives (Photo Credits: Dugway Proving Ground)
Dissemination of stimulants by explosives (Photo Credits: Dugway Proving Ground)

 

Liquid Dissemination system (above)
Liquid Dissemination system (above)
Smoke delivery system for biological agents.
Smoke delivery system for biological agents.
Dissemination on the test grid (Photos Credit: Dugway Proving Ground)
Dissemination on the test grid (Photos Credit: Dugway Proving Ground)

The US Army report lists numerous dissemination techniques including by bio-aerosol sprayers. Such sprayers called Micronair disseminators have already been developed by the US Army and tested at Dugway Proving Ground.

According to the documents, they can be vehicle-mounted, or worn as a backpack, with a pump system which can be fitted to the unit to increase the accuracy of the release. Micronair sprayers can release 50 to 500 mL of bio-liquid simulant per minute from 12 L tanks.

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